The word RUN can be used in different contexts to mean different things. Here are some of the definitions and examples when the verb is used in different situations:
a) to move swiftly on foot so that both feet leve the ground during each stride: He runs for two kilometres every morning.
b) to take part in a race or contest: Kate ran in the Boston Marathon in 2010.
c) to compete in a race for elected office: Jim ran for mayor two times but did not win.
d) to finish a race or contest in a specific position: Grace ran second in the final race.
e) to be in operation: The engine has been running for one hour until it ran out of gas (see phrasal verbs below).
f) to go back and forth, especially on a regular basis: The ferry runs every hour.
g) to flow, especially in a steady stream: Turn on the faucet and let the water run.
h) to unravel along a line: Her stockings ran and she could not wear them for the concert.
i) to tend to persist or recur: Compassion seems to run in that family (everybody in the family is like that).
Phrasal verbs with RUN:
|run across||to meet someone you know when you’re not expecting to.||I ran across several old friends when I went back to my hometown.|
|run after||to chase or pursue||She has spent her life running after fame and fortune.|
|run along||said to children to tell them to go away.||Run along now, children!|
|run away||to leave a place or person secretly and suddenly.||He ran away from home when he was only twelve.|
|run down||gradually deteriorate (or cause to deteriorate) in quality.||The property had been allowed to run down.|
|run into||(someone) meet somebody unexpectedly; (problems) encounter a problem||I ran into my sister at the market yesterday. I’ve run into some problems with the printer.|
|run off||to leave somewhere or someone suddenly.||My wife has run off with another man.|
|run on||be powered by||Electric cars run on electricity, not gas.|
|run out||Have none left.||We ran out of milk.|
|run over||To hit with a vehicle (car, train, truck); Take more time than planned||She’s upset because she ran over a cat while driving home from work. The meeting ran over 20 minutes, so I was late for my next appointment.|
|run through||Explain quickly; Quickly practice or rehearse a play, performance, song, or presentation.||Let me run through the schedule for the tour.|
|run up||Spend a lot of money on credit||I ran up a debt of $10,000 on my credit cards.|
|run around||to be very busy doing many things||Sorry I haven’t had the chance to call you this week – I’ve been running around between work, school, and soccer practice.|
|a run for (one’s) money||strong competition|
|in the long run||in the final analysis or outcome|
|in the short run||in the immediate future|
|on the run||in hiding: fugitives on the run|
|run a temperature/fever||to have a higher than normal body temperature|
|run out of||to exhaust the supply of: We ran out of fuel.|
|run short||to become scanty or insufficient in supply: We ran short on fuel oil during the winter.|
Other phrases include:
run-down (adj.): tired and not healthy. My doctor said I was looking run-down.
run-down (adj.): (especially of a building or area) in a poor or neglected state after having been prosperous. A run-down Edwardian villa.
run-in (n.): you have a serious argument with someone or you get into trouble with them. I had a run-in with the police yesterday.
Here are some different ways to say RUN.
Dash: to go somewhere quickly.
He dashed out onto the street, narrowly missing a car.
Jog: to run slowly for exercise.
Every day, I go for a jog at 6:00am.
Scamper (away, down, off, etc): to run quickly and with small steps, like a child or a small animal.
I saw a rabbit scamper off into the woods.
Sprint: to run very fast for a short distance.
She sprinted to catch the bus, but she was too late.
Image credit: Death to Stock