Do you struggle with prepositions? Do English prepositions confuse you?
Well have no fear. In this article, you’re going to easily learn the definitions for the various prepositions related to movement and location.
Because prepositions don’t literally translate from one language to another, they can be one of the most difficult things for non-native English speakers to master.
But it doesn’t have to be difficult.
One reason prepositions can be difficult to wrap your head around [understand] is because it’s hard to visualize what they look like in your head.
However, prepositions related to direction CAN be demonstrated with images. So check out the image above (click to view at full size or Download the pdf). Then, for more information and examples, read the definitions below.
NOTE: All the links below will take you to an awesome song on youtube that gives you a real-life example of the preposition.
1. In/inside – when something is in the interior of a 3 dimensional object.
2. On – when something is on top of an object or surface.
3. At – expressing location in a specific place.
- She’s at the door.
- Where are you at?
4. Near – a short distance away from (a place).
- Do you live near here?
- The restaurant is near the bakery.
5. Under – directly below (generally 3 with dimensional objects).
6. Over – directly on top of, but not touching (generally from one side to another).
- In the high jump, you have to jump over the bar.
- Instead of going to the side of the rock, he drove over it.
7. Below – directly underneath (generally with 2 dimensional objects).
- Your stomach is below your chest.
- The ocean floor is miles below the surface.
8. Above – on top up/over something, without touching it.
9. Round/around – on every side of.
1o. Through – moving in one side and out the other side.
- The ball went through his legs.
- The car went through the tunnel.
11. Among – surrounded by.
- The strawberries are hidden among the trees.
- In the RLE Facebook Group, you’re among friends.
12. Between – in the space between two objects.
- The United States is located between Canada and Mexico.
- The dog walked between us and lay down at our feet.
13. Behind – at the back/far side of something.
- Look at the sunset behind you.
- There’s a naked person behind the tree.
14. In front of – the opposite of behind, a position at the front part of something.
- I’ll meet you in front of my house.
- Wait for me in front of the supermarket.
15. Along – moving in a constant direction on (a path more or less horizontal).
16. Across – from one side to the other.
17. Up – toward the sky or higher place.
18. Down – toward the ground or lower place.
- The sun is starting to go down.
- Everything that goes up, must come down.
19. Opposite – have a position on the other or further side of something.
- A large group of people gathered [came together] on the opposite side of the street.
- Opposite the school is a church.
20. Onto – moving to a location on (the surface of something).
- We got onto the train.
- He jumped onto the rock.
21. Off – moving away and often down from.
- He fell off the bed while he was sleeping.
- He jumped off the horse.
22. Into – to become enclosed/surrounded by something else.
23. Out of – moving away from.
- Let’s get out of here. I’m tired.
- He got out of the water.
24. Past – in front of or from one side to the other.
- He walked past me without saying hello.
- The man drove past while honking his horn.
25. Next to/by/beside – in or into a position immediately to one side of.
26. Against – in physical contact with something, generally supported by it.
- When I’m tired, I rest my back against the wall.
- He stood with his back against the door.
27. Over – expressing passage or movement across the top of something.
28. From—to – from—the point in space where something starts, to—the point in space where something ends.
- He drove from his house to the store to get some fruit.
- I’ll send it along with love from me to you.
29. Toward – in the direction of.
- I walked toward the front door.
- She’s walking toward me.